In healthy leg veins the surrounding muscles, combined with the elasticity of the vein walls and vein valves, ensure the blood is transported against gravity from the legs to the upper body. If the vein valves no longer function properly, or the elasticity of the vascular walls weaken, a so-called venous reflux, a blood build-up in the legs, occurs. This enlarges the vein walls causing varicose veins to develop. Pain, swollen or heavy legs and skin changes can follow. If left untreated, such symptoms can worsen over time resulting in leg ulcers and other complications.
The evolution of vein treatment has been quite amazing. In this article, we describe the past, present and future of vein treatment:
- The Future: Echotherapy
- The Present: Endovenous Vein Ablation
- The Past: Vein Stripping