Sclerotherapy for Spider and Varicose Vein Treatment

June 27, 2020

Eliminate Spider & Varicose Veins
Call Us (609) 257-2095

We understand that patient’s are rightly concerned about getting the right diagnosis and treatment for vein disease. Your vein health is incredibly important and having an experienced vein doctor can be the difference between relief and disappointment. To that end, we have put together this simple guide to help you find the best vein doctor for spider and varicose vein treatment.

Sclerotherapy for Spider and Varicose Vein Treatment

Varicose veins and spider veins are an unfortunate consequence of our genetics and lifestyle.  While we can’t necessarily escape what’s in our DNA, the truth is that unsightly veins can be treated.  Vein doctors today used modern, minimally-invasive techniques to treat and eliminate undesirable veins with high success rates.

Sclerotherapy is one of the most important treatment choices for spider and varicose veins.  The procedure can be done in an office setting and is suitable for many different types of vein presentations.  The procedure involves small amounts of sclerosant injection into target veins by your vein doctor. The treated veins are then permanently collapsed and eliminated by the body.

Consult with your vein doctor in New Jersey and New York  about whether sclerotherapy treatment is right for you.

What Causes Varicose Veins and Spider Veins?

The venous system is a carrying tank for circulating blood, generally holding up to 70% of the blood volume at any given time.  Circulating blood within veins is returned back to the heart using complex interactions between valves and muscle pump function.

A dysfunctional venous system is the result of damage to vein walls and valves that result in varicose vein problems.   Naturally, blood pools in these veins due to gravity, resulting in high pressure within the veins. Whereas the deeper veins are supported by the muscles within our legs, the superficial veins that cause varicose veins will stretch.  Over time, these vein walls can become weakened from the constant pressure and resulting in vein injury. The size of the veins will gradually increase and lead to valve dysfunction and venous reflux. The visual presentation of this is commonly seen as spider and varicose veins on the legs.

What is the Procedure for Sclerotherapy?

Your dermatologist or local med spa may offer spider vein treatment, however it is likely limited to sclerotherapy or laser vein removal. While these can be effective treatments for cosmetic spider veins, they rarely address the underlying problem. The end result is recurrent spider veins and symptoms of vein disease.

A vein doctor is someone who can address not only the surface issues, but also help you understand and treat the root cause of your spider and varicose veins. Treating the underlying condition is important not only for your health, but also delivers more pleasing outcomes.

Sclerotherapy Advantages

Sclerotherapy spider vein removal has the following advantages:

  • It’s a minimally-invasive and efficient spider vein treatment with few risks of side effects
  • With newer solutions such as polidocanol and STS, the discomfort of injections has been virtually eliminated.  The treatment can be similar to botox injections.
  • Sclerotherapy spider vein treatment is very effective and can treat a large variety of vein types as opposed to laser treatment of spider veins.

The vein doctors at the Princeton Vascular Center have completed formal vascular training and are board-certified experts with local and national recognition.   Sclerotherapy is our preferred method for treating and eliminating unsightly spider veins. Schedule an appointment online or call the Princeton Vascular Center to learn what vein treatments are best for you.

What are the Risks of Sclerotherapy Treatment?

There are some side effects associated with sclerotherapy treatment.  Most commonly, these issues are benign and self-limiting. Discomfort or cramping at the injection site is the most common question.  This is usually mild and improves within a few days with some patients even reporting superficial phlebitis (inflammation). General measures such as walking and adhering to compression stockings help minimize the occurence and symptoms.  Some patients can also note itching or even red, raised areas around the treated veins. These findings are often self-limited, however if the situation warrants and your vein doctor approves, Benadryl can be effective.

Other potential common side-effects that require attention include:

  • Intravascular hematoma (trapped blood):  This is liquified trapped areas of blood between the two ends of a treated vein.  Even with the most proper technique, this can be seen in a percentage of patients and should be treated at follow-up visits your vein doctor using needle aspiration.  This will help speed up healing and elimination of the vein.
  • HyperpigmentationThis occurs more commonly in larger treated veins that are breaking down.  The hemoglobin released from these veins contains iron and is deposited on the skin.  In most patients, this will resolve on its own over a period of time. Besides the general rules of thumb for sclerotherapy listed above, early attention to trapped blood, compression stockings, and minmizing sun exposure post treatment reduces the risks of hyperpigmentation.
  • Telangiectatic matting:  These present as a network of tiny, red blood vessels in treated areas that blush with compression.  In most instances, no treatment is warranted and the veins will disappear on their own. However, your vein doctor may consider possible sources of reflux as a potential cause.

Your vein doctor will also be monitoring for some rare reactions:

  • Allergic reaction to the medical injection: Such reactions are rarely serious, and are immediate.  In this rare event, your physician is prepared with reversal measures.
  • Neurologic complicationsRare event and more likely with foam sclerotherapy.  The mechanism is not entirely clear, but may be related to the presence of a patent foramen ovale (connection between the right and left side of your heart).  Air bubbles that pass through to the left side of the heart can cause mild to severe neurologic symptoms. Visual disturbances or headaches should be reported to your vein doctor, but are likely to be self-limited.

Rare, late-presenting side effects that require immediate notification of your vein doctor:

  • Infection
  • DVT or leg swelling/pain
  • Skin ulcerations

These are signs of a more serious reaction to the treatment that requires your vein doctor to be notified.

What are the Post-procedure Recommendations?

Once your sclerotherapy session is complete, you are free to resume your usual routine with few limitations.   Our vein doctors provide the following rules for maximizing your treatment results:

  • Avoid strenuous exercise for 1 week
  • Avoid hot baths, hot tubs, or sauna treatments for 1 week
  • Avoid NSAIDS or anti-inflammatory medications for at least 48 hours
  • Avoid direct sunlight for 2 weeks and in areas of strong sun exposure, we recommend sunscreen with a minimum SPF of 40 for at least 4 weeks
  • Avoid any long, uninterrupted travel exceeding 4 hours trip duration for 2 weeks unless cleared by your vein doctor


During the recovery period, your best do-follow recommendations are to:

  • Maintain an active routine with plenty of walking. This promotes healthy circulation
  • Wear your compression stockings as directed
  • Tylenol is okay for any post-procedure discomfort

In Summary

Finding the right vein specialist is the most important step towards getting the right diagnosis and treatment. The Vein Specialist Centers are a premier destination for spider and varicose vein treatment. Our team of vein specialists have been carefully selected based on their training background, reputation, and favorability rating with patients. The experience has been great for our patients and we look forward to helping you. Contact us today to schedule your consultation.


Dr. Brotman O’Neill

Harvard Trained | Vascular Surgeon / Vein Specialist

Dr. Alissa Brotman O’Neill is an accomplished vascular surgeon and vein specialist and skilled in applying cutting-edge, minimally-invasive endovascular technology of the aorta and peripheral arteries.

Schedule a Consultation

Our vein centers in NJ and NY provide a personalized approach for spider and varicose vein treatment. Book a consultation now, we’re looking forward to assisting you.

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Our Vein Centers

We pride ourselves on providing the best spider vein and varicose vein treatments to patients in New Jersey and New York.

01. Princeton

10 Forrestal Road South
Princeton, NJ

02. Edison

3848 Park Avenue, Ste 101
Edison, NJ

03. Mt. Laurel

4000 Church Road
Mt. Laurel, NJ

04. Paramus

2 Sears Drive, Ste 101
Paramus, NJ

05. Clifton

905 Allwood Road, Ste 105
Clifton, NJ

06. Wayne

342 Hamburg Turnpike, Ste 202
Wayne, NJ

07. Freehold

501 Iron Bridge Road, Ste 2
Freehold, NJ

08. Long Island

560 Northern Blvd #204A
Great Neck, NY

Request an appointment

We are one of the top spider vein and varicose vein treatment centers in the Nation, offering the latest treatments and the most state of the art technology. Our vein treatment center sources the best vein doctors and specialists from around the world.

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