The veins in your body play an essential part in circulation; they are responsible for carrying the blood back to your heart. When the valves in the veins are unhealthy, the blood flow is partially reversed, which leads to blood pooling in your legs instead of being carried to your heart. Blood pooling in the legs veins is known as vein insufficiency or vein disease.
Several factors can contribute to vein insufficiency, for example, family history, age, blood clots, and pregnancy. One in three Americans over the age of 45 has some vein disease.
Some vein insufficiency symptoms include leg pain, night cramps, swelling, heaviness in the legs, eczema, spider veins, and varicose veins. If untreated, vein insufficiency can result in more severe conditions affecting the skin’s integrity and producing changes in the color of the skin and even skin ulceration.